Understanding the journey of a natural diamond

Natural diamonds are the ultimate treasures of nature, adding lustre to our lives for generations now. Each of you, who has ever owned or inherited a piece of diamond, will understand how precious, unique and versatile these stones are. Every piece of jewellery made of a natural diamond goes through a magical journey right from the time it is mined from the deepest confines of the earth till it reaches the store. The enigma that a natural diamond carries within is as unique and inimitable as you. But there is a long path that the diamond follows to reach you; a path of mining, sorting, cutting, polishing, and a path that runs across many hands and beautiful visions. This detailed path ensures that the natural diamond you wear never goes out of style. Let us get you to know your diamond better-

The eco-conscious mining process
Natural diamonds are billions of years old. Mother Nature nurtures and defines them over these years. Hence, during the process of mining, the utmost priority is to not harm nature. The diamonds that are found by crushing the ore and passing them through grease belts are called rough diamonds. This is the purest form of the natural diamond, just before the customization begins. The sustainable way of mining natural diamonds ensures that there are no footprints left behind.

Sorting of the natural diamonds Once they have been mined, the next step is to sort the diamonds based on carat, cut, colour and clarity. Sorting of diamonds determines the chain of consumption of the diamonds, i.e. whether they will be used for industrial purposes, jewellery purposes and so on.

Carat: One carat of a diamond is approximately 0.2 grams. Needless to say, diamonds of a higher carat are more desirable than the lower ones. For example, the most celebrated engagement rings are usually 1.8-10.79 carats.

Cut: The original cut of the rough diamond determines which shapes it can be finally cut in and also, how many smaller diamonds can be cut from a bigger stone. The idea here is to maximize the yield and reduce wastage.

Colour: Most diamonds are colourless, but every once in a while, Mother Nature does give away a few coloured ones too. Depending on the colours, the diamonds are sorted as per the D-Z colour scale with D being colourless and Z with the highest amount of colour. Colourless diamonds are considered to be more precious than the coloured ones.

Clarity: The presence of impurities in a rough diamond have a great impact on its value. The diamonds without cracks and impurities are very rare and hence, the lesser the impurities, the higher the value of the diamond.

Cutting the natural diamonds

Diamonds are the hardest minerals that exist in the world, and hence cutting them requires precision and a specialized saw/laser. The saw is coated with diamond dust that eventually cuts the other diamond. This is where your diamond takes the shape that you desire.

Polishing of natural diamonds

This process is also called brillianteering wherein the facets of the diamond are polished to reflect an ample amount of light. The more reflective the diamond, the more sparkly your final piece of the diamond will be. After all, the emotional value of a diamond has a lot to do with the brilliance of it.

Natural diamonds are timeless and can be a part of the legacy you pass on from one generation to another. It has been a symbol of love and affection for years. Its strength, durability and eternal charm make it one of the best investments. You can pair a piece of natural diamond jewellery with just about any attire and look elegant! Now that you know the process via which your precious diamond reaches you, the next time you go to buy one, you shall know the story behind the sheen you see! – timesofindia.indiatimes.com

With inputs from Natural Diamond Council

Disclaimer: Content Produced by The Gem & Jewellery Export